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Holloway, RobinWagner Nights op. 60b (1989) 20'
Waltz-sequence on favourite motifs from 'Parsifal'

2(II=picc).2.corA.2(I=Ebcl).bcl(=cl.3).2(II=dbn)- timp.perc(2):SD/BD/tamb/susp.cym/cyms/tam-t/tgl/bells- harp-strings.
Abbreviations (PDF).

This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.

World Premiere
Colston Hall, Bristol
Orchestra of the Royal Opera House / Bernard Haitink KBE

Composer's Notes  
Wagner Nights derives from Souvenirs de Monsalvat, a set of ‘waltzes on favourite motifs from Parsifal’ for piano duet, which in turn grew out of close absorption in Wagner’s last opera in the two years (1982-4) when it was a set-work for music undergraduates at Cambridge. Behind this lay a period in the mid-1960’s when I’d first soaked myself in it while writing a doctoral study eventually published as Debussy and Wagner. Naturally this was concerned in part with the general French reaction to Wagner, all the way from earnest sublimities "à la d’Indy" to party-piece piano-duet parodies – Souvenirs de Bayreuth, Fauré’s collaboration with Messager on Ring-motifs, and especially Chabrier’s "Fantasie en forme de quadrille sur les thèmes favouris de Tristan et Isolde", Souvenirs de Munich.

It seemed a pity that no one had done Parsifal! I wanted to fill this gap, tried, but didn’t then know enough about tonal harmony to succeed. The eventual result, some 20 years later, surprised by its copiousness, fluency, and fundamental seriousness. The complete set plays for something like half-an-hour and, unlike its French models, not only includes a (burlesque) account of the opera’s plot, but also, for all the mischief, pays genuine hommage to a work that remains for me the profoundest single artefact of the nineteenth century of any other.

And in retrospect I see that this attempt, like an earlier piece Scenes from Schumann, was a case of "reculer pour mieux sauter". That took a favourite phase of early German romanticism as its starting-point; this takes the bull by the horns: the result in both is an enrichment of resources and a free pass into another country. A commission for one of the Royal Opera House’s "Garden Concerts" provided the perfect opportunity to work up the original piano-duets into an orchestra score. But half-an-hour is a bit long for a jeu d’esprit (even one that turns out unexpectedly substantial). Wagner Nights retains three of Monsalvat’s five waltzes, together with an intermezzo and a concluding sarabande.

The sequence is prefaced by a Prelude which runs direct into No.1, Quick Waltz: Love’s Torments, concerned with some of the opera’s darker places, guilt and atonement, suffering and pain, Amfortas and Kundry. No. 2, Ländler: Praise of Folly, is a portrait of the hero himself, with a middle-section depicting his mother Herzeleide. No. 3, Valse-Pastorale: Nature’s Balsam, encloses the lake of swans from Act I within the flowering meadows of Act III. The Intermezzo, built over the famous bell-motif, leads into the final Sarabande: Whitsunday Blossoms, which uses the music of Parsifal’s Baptism and Coronation from Act III, with a hint, at the climax, of the evil flowers of bygone temptations. This is followed by a gentle passage based on the Faith motif, before the final apotheosis. The overall effect is of a kind of ballet-scenario; atmospheric, and highly evocative of its inspiring source, yet retaining none of its specific incidents.

Robin Holloway

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