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Schnittke, Alfred

Historia von D. Johann Fausten (1990)

Duration: 105 minutes
Opera in three acts and an epilogue

libretto by Jorg Morgener and Alfred Schnittke after the book by Johann Spies (G)

Scoring
A,CT,2T,3Bar,3B; chorus; mute roles; ballet 3(II=afl,III=picc).3(III=corA).3(I=Ebcl/II=Ebcl,asax/III=bcl,barsax).3(III=dbn)-4.4.4.1-timp.perc(5):tgl/ susp.cym/flex/tamb/SD/3tom-t/wdbl/BD/gong/tam-t/glsp/t.bells/xyl/vib/marimba/drums/2lotosflutes- harp-cel-pft-hpcd-organ-2synth-elec.gtr-bass gtr-strings This work is represented by Boosey & Hawkes in the UK, British Commonwealth (excluding Canada) and the Republic of Ireland.
Abbreviations (PDF).


Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the UK, countries of the Commonwealth (excluding Canada) and the Republic of Ireland.



World Premiere
6/22/1995
Hamburg
John Dew, director
Conductor: Gerd Albrecht
Company: Hamburg State Opera

Roles

Doctor Johann FaustusBass
NarratorTenor
MephistophilesCountertenor
Mephistophila / Helen of TroyContralto
The Old ManTenor
Three Students3 Baritones


Time and Place
Early 16th century, Germany


Synopsis

The chorus introduces ‘The History of Dr.Johann Faustus, the widely famed magician and necromancer…’ An ever-present narrator introduces us to Faustus and we witness his first encounter with the devil, Mephistopheles. Writing with his own blood on hot coals, Faustus signs a pact, by means of which he will gain knowledge and power. In return Mephistopheles will claim his soul after a number of years.

Faustus, living in luxury, asks Mephistopheles to bring him a wife, but the devil hurls him into a fire as marriage is ordained by God alone. When Faustus apologises, the devil offers him ‘every day and night a woman for thy bed’. At Faustus’s request, the devil takes him on a journey to see both Hell and Paradise. Faustus’s grief and regret is mocked by a male and female devil (Mephistopheles and Mephistophila). An old Christian man offers to help but, before Faustus can be won over, Mephistopheles reappears, threatens to tear him into pieces, and forces him to sign a second pact, this time with ‘the mighty God, Lucifer’. Faustus’s heightened grief is only made bearable when he is able to summon up a vision of Helen of Troy.

When twenty-four years have passed since the original pact, Faustus knows the devil will now come to claim him. He takes leave of his students and tells them what he has done. They are appalled and urge him to repent and be saved, but Faustus’s attempts at prayer are in vain. Mephistopheles appears and the house is shaken by ‘a great storm of wind’ and filled with the ‘whistling and hissing’ of snakes, while Faustus’s screams are heard from his study as he is torn to bits. Next morning, the students enter his room and find it strewn with blood and brains and fragments of his body. The chorus tells us to learn the moral of this story and live ‘sober’ and ‘vigilant’ lives, resisting evil.


Moods
Dramatic, Tragic


Subjects
History, Magic/Mystery, Religion, Society, Literary


Recommended Recording
Jürgen Freier, Eberhard Lorenz, Arno Raunig, Hanna Schwarz, Eberhard Büchner, Jonathan Barreto-Ramos, Christoph Johannes Wendel, Jürgen Fersch, Hamburg State Opera Chorus, Hamburg State Opera Orchestra, Gerd Albrecht
RCA Red Seal 09026684132

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