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Photo: Angus McBean
The English Opera Group, 1948

Britten, Benjamin

The Beggar's Opera (1948)

Duration: 108 minutes
Ballad-Opera by John Gay (1728), realized from the original airs by Benjamin Britten

Text by John Gay (E,F,G)

Scoring
S,2M,T(or Bar),T(or speaker),Bar,B,speaker; chorus 1(=picc).1(=corA).1.1-1.0.0.0-perc(1):timp/susp.cym/SD/TD/BD/tamb/ tgl/gong/wdbl-harp-strings (1.1.1.1.1).
Abbreviations (PDF).


Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.



World Premiere
5/24/1948
Arts Theatre, Cambridge
Tyrone Guthrie, director
Conductor: Benjamin Britten
Company: English Opera Group

Roles

BEGGARSpeaking role
MRS. PEACHUMMezzo-Soprano
MR. PEACHUMBass
POLLYMezzo-Soprano
CAPTAIN MACHEATHTenor
FILCHTenor (or Speaking role)
LOCKITBaritone
LUCY LOCKITSoprano
MRS. TRAPESAlto
SUKY TAWDRY, MRS. COAXER, DOLLY TRULL, MRS. SLAMMEKIN, MOLLY BRAZEN,Sopranos/Mezzo-Sopranos
BEN BUDGE, WAT DREARY, MAT OF THE MINT, JEMMY TWITCHER,Tenors/Baritones/Basses


Time and Place
London, early 18th century


Synopsis

At the den of Peachum, a receiver of stolen goods, he and his wife ponder the value of various rogues in their employ before turning their attention to the highwayman Captain Macheath, on whom their daughter Polly dotes. When Mrs Peachum and her husband charge her with having married Macheath she is forced to admit it. They console themselves with the prospect that he is likely to be impeached soon for his activities (by them, if no-one else) and Polly left a wealthy widow. She, however, is horrified, and confesses all to the Captain: they decided to part temporarily for safety’s sake. At a tavern near Newgate Prison, a criminal gang assembles with a view to waylaying a coach on Hampstead Heath. Macheath warns them he must lie low for a while. With the others gone, a bevy of loose women enters to entertain him though, primed by Peachum, they are actually there to betray Macheath, who is handed over to the constables as the act ends. In Newgate, Macheath offers to marry the jailer’s daughter, Lucy Lockit, but her father and Peachum have already hatched a scheme to share the reward due on his execution. The arrival of Polly with her alternative marital claims confuses the issue further: the two women come close to blows. Eventually, Lucy manages to free Macheath with some spare keys, but he is later recaptured. Having failed to poison Polly, Lucy and her former rival plead with their fathers to get their husband off, but to no avail. Finally, the impresario of the opera, the Beggar, is prevailed upon to grant a reprieve.


Repertoire Note
The popularity of Britten’s three chamber operas proper (The Rape of Lucretia, Albert Herring and The Turn of the Screw) has tended to somewhat overshadow his brilliant adaptation of John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera, the realisation of which was completed in 1948. Indeed, Britten’s harmonisations and arrangements of the pre-existing tunes, which he described as ‘among our finest national songs’, is so personal and idiosyncratic that the opera sounds like a totally original work. Despite the longish stretches of spoken dialogue, Britten brings all his usual techniques of dramatic characterisation to bear and binds the work together by effective use of leitmotif and meaningful key-schemes.

The scoring too is brilliantly imaginative with Britten varying the range and constitution of the orchestra almost from number to number. Dramatically too, the story chimes neatly with Britten’s preoccupations with the penultimate scene, where Macheath reflects on his fate in the condemned cell, remarkably foreshadowing the similar moment near the end of Britten’s next full-scale opera Billy Budd.

Reproduced by kind permission of the Britten-Pears Library


Moods
Comic, Dramatic


Subjects
Ethics, History, Relationships, Society, Literary


Recommended Recording
Ann Murray/Philip Langridge/Yvonne Kenny/John Rawnsley/Robert Lloyd/Anne Collins/Aldeburgh Festival Chorus and Orchestra/Steuart Bedford
Decca 436 850-2


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Items on Sale

Selections from The Beggar's Opera - voice & pianoVoice, Piano> Details
The Beggar's Opera, op. 43 - study scoreStudy Score (hardback) - Hawkes Pocket Score 1276> Details
The Beggar's Opera, op. 43 - vocal score(Vocal Score)> Details
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