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*Deutsch

Photo: Bill Rafferty
English National Opera 1995, Robert Carsen, dir

Britten, Benjamin

A Midsummer Night's Dream (1960)

Duration: 144 minutes
Opera in three acts

Libretto adapted from Shakespeare by Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears (E,Cz,F,G,H,I,P,Sc,Sw)

Scoring
colS,S,M,A,CT/A,3T,2Bar,BBar,3B,acrobat speaking role; children's roles: 4Tr,chorus 2(=picc).1(=corA).2.1-2.0.Dtpt.1.0-perc(2):tgl/cyms/tamb/gong/2wdbl/ vib/glsp/xyl/tamburo/SD/TD/BD/timp/2bells-2harps-hpd(=cel)- strings (min 4.2.2.2.2)-Stage band:sopranino recorders/cyms/2wdbl.
Abbreviations (PDF).


Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.



World Premiere
6/11/1960
Jubilee Hall, Aldeburgh
John Cranko, director
Conductor: Benjamin Britten
Company: Aldeburgh Festival

Roles

OBERON, King of the FairiesCountertenor
TYTANIA, Queen of the FairiesColoratura Soprano
PUCKAcrobat/speaking role
THESEUS, Duke of AthensBass
HIPPOLYTA, Queen of the Amazons, betrothed to TheseusContralto
LYSANDER, in love with HermiaTenor
DEMETRIUS, in love with HermiaBaritone
HERMIA, in love with LysanderMezzo Soprano
HELENA, in love with DemetriusSoprano
BOTTOM, a weaverBass Baritone
QUINCE, a carpenterBass
SNUG, a joinerTenor
SNOUT, a tinkerTenor
STARVELING, a tailorBaritone
COBWEB, PEASEBLOSSOM, MUSTARDSEED, MOTHTrebles
CHORUS OF FAIRIESTrebles or Sopranos


Time and Place
A wood near Athens


Synopsis
As twilight falls, fairies attendant upon their queen Tytania enter, followed by Puck, spirit attendant on the fairy-king, Oberon. Soon the royal pair arrives, separately, having fallen out. They argue, then Tytania and her fairies leave. Oberon sends Puck to find for him a certain herb that causes those upon whose sleeping eyelids the juice is dropped to fall in love with the next live creature that he or she sees. Next enter lovers Lysander and Hermia, forbidden by Athenian law to marry (she must wed Demetrius) and so fleeing the city together. They leave as Oberon enters to observe a second Athenian couple, Demetrius (in love with Hermia) pursued by Helena (in love with Demetrius). As they move off Puck returns with the herb, and Oberon instructs him to seek out an Athenian (meaning Demetrius) and anoint his eyes so as to make him fall in love with Helena. Next, a group of Athenian workmen enters, intent on casting a play they hope to perform before Duke Theseus. Most prominent among them is Bottom, cast as Pyramus in Pyramus and Thisbe. They agree to return later to rehearse. Now the mix-ups begin: Puck anoints Lysander's eyes, causing him to transfer his allegiance to Helena, while Oberon anoints Tytania's, causing her to fall in love with Bottom, whom Puck has mischievously given an ass's head. The four Athenians are hurled into violent discord, till Puck sends them to sleep and they wake up cured. Bottom too is eventually restored, Oberon and Tytania make their peace, and following the successful performance of Pyramus and Thisbe before his guests (whom we met earlier in the wood), they bless Theseus and his wife Hippolyta, and their house.


Repertoire Note
In August 1959, Britten decided to compose a full-evening opera for the reopening of the refurbished Jubilee Hall in Aldeburgh in June 1960. As this left no time for a libretto to be prepared anew, he chose to adapt with Peter Pears Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, though as he admitted at the time, he had always admired the original play and was excited by the various levels of action between the different groups of characters. As with The Turn of the Screw, these groups are characterised by strongly differentiated colours: the bright, percussive sounds of harps, keyboards and percussion for the fairy world, warm strings and wind for the the pairs of lovers, and lower woodwind and brass for the mechanicals. The opera is completely faithful to the spirit of the original and must be counted as one of the most successful operatic adaptations of a Shakespeare play. It is possibly the most beguiling and enchanting of all Britten's operas, a work with a spellbinding atmosphere that inhabits a truly unique dreamlike world.

Reproduced by kind permission of the Britten-Pears Library


Moods
Comic, Poetic, Romantic


Subjects
Magic/Mystery, Relationships, Literary


Recommended Recording
Brian Asawa/Sylvia McNair/John Mark Ainsley/Paul Whelan/Janice Watson/Robert Lloyd/Gwynne Howell/Ian Bostridge/London Symphony Orchestra/New London Children's Choir/Colin Davis
Philips 4541222
Click here to purchase this CD set from Amazon

Alfred Deller/Elizabeth Harwood/Peter Pears/Thomas Hemsley/Josephine Veasey/Heather Harper/John  Shirley-Quirk/Helen Watts/Owen Brannigan/Robert Tear/London Symphony Orchestra/Benjamin Britten
Decca 4256632
Click here to purchase this CD set from Amazon


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Items on Sale

A Midsummer Night's Dream, op. 64 - librettoLibretto> Details
A Midsummer Night's Dream, op. 64 - study scoreStudy Score (hardback) - Hawkes Pocket Score 734> Details
A Midsummer Night's Dream, op. 64 - vocal score(Vocal Score) (English, German)> Details
SommernachtstraumLibretto (German)> Details
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