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Photo: Stephan Walzl
Gera 2009, Matthias Oldag dir.

Weinberger, Jaromir

Wallenstein (1937)

(Valdstejn)
Duration: 180 minutes
Musical tragedy in six scenes

Libretto by Milos Kares after Schiller; German translation by Max Brod (Cz,G)

Scoring
2S,5T,Bar,2BBar,3B; chorus; 3.2(II=corA).2(II=bcl).2(II=dbn)-4.3.3.1-timp.perc-harp-strings.
Abbreviations (PDF).


Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world excluding USA and Canada.



World Premiere
11/18/1937
Operntheater, Wien
Dr. Lothar Wallerstein, director
Conductor: Wolfgang Martin
Company: Alfred Jerger (Wallenstein) / Fred Destal (Octavio) / Friedrich Ginrod (Max) / Esther Réthy (Thekla)

Roles

WALLENSTEIN, Duke of Friedland, General of the Emperor's forcesBaritone
THEKLA, Princess of Friedland, his daughterSoprano
OCTAVIO PICCOLOMINI, lieutenant general under WallensteinBass Baritone
MAX PICCOLOMINI, his son, colonel in a regiment of cuirassersTenor
COUNT TERZKY, Wallenstein's brother-in-law, commander of a regimentBass
COUNTESS TERZKYSoprano
ILLO, Fieldmarshal, confidant of WallensteinBass Baritone
BUTTLER, leader of a dragoon regimentBass
COUNT QUESTENBERG, imperial envoyTenor
WRANGEL, a Swedish colonelBass
GORDON, commanding officer of EgerTenor
SENI, an astrologerTenor
A SWEDISH CAPTAINTenor
Soldiers, watchmen, monks, maidens etc


Time and Place
1634, Northern Bohemia


Synopsis

General Wallenstein – whose army, a very motley crew, is devoted to him – conspires against the Emperor. A Capuchin friar berates the soldiers for carousing on a Sunday and fulminates against Wallenstein, whose negotiations with the Swedes have been discovered. Wallenstein, whose fatal flaw is indecision, puts his trusted lieutenant, Octavio Piccolomini, in charge of a large body of soldiers. The Emperor declares Wallenstein a traitor and replaces him by Piccolomini, who tricks Colonel Buttler, commander of the Dragoons, into deserting Wallenstein. Piccolomini’s son Max, commander of the Cuirassiers, and Wallenstein’s daughter Thekla fall in love, although her father intends her for a dynastic marriage. Max refuses to join his father, because he realises that he is motivated more by ambition than duty to the Emperor. When Wallenstein’s fall from grace becomes known several regiments change sides. The Cuirassiers, believing Max to be Wallenstein’s prisoner, march on his headquarters. Max’s duty lies with the Emperor: he leaves, and is later killed in battle. Wallenstein, meanwhile, is cut off at Eger; Buttler, Piccolomini’s henchman, convinces the garrison commander that Wallenstein must die and all his supporters are murdered. Piccolomini arrives with a message that Wallenstein is not to be killed, but it is too late.


Moods
Dramatic, Tragic


Subjects
History, Relationships, Politics, Literary





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