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Libretto by Alejandro Casona (S,E,F,G)

Scoring

Major roles: S,M,T,Bar,B minor roles: S,M,A,T,2Bar,B,2children; chorus 3(I=afl,III=picc).3(III=corA).3(III=bcl).3(III=dbn)-6.4.4.1-timp perc(6):3SD/3crot/3tgl/3susp.cym/2cym/BD/25bells/3tam-t/ratchet/whip/ tamb/2small anvils/xyl/glsp-cel-mand-harp-strings On-stage: 8(or4)hns.8(or4)tpts

Abbreviations (PDF)

World Premiere
24/07/1964
Teatro Colon, Buenos Aires
Jorge Petraglia, director
Conductor: Bruno Bartoletti

Roles

FLORINDA, daughter of Count Don Julian Soprano
DON RODRIGO, King of Spain Tenor
DON JULIAN, Governor of Ceuta Baritone
TEUDISELO, Tutor of Don Rodrigo Bass
FORTUNA, Florinda's maidservant Mezzo-Soprano
1st Maiden Soprano
2nd Maiden Mezzo-Soprano
Bishop Baritone
Blind Hermit Baritone
1st Page Tenor
2nd Page Baritone
1st Blacksmith Tenor
2nd Blacksmith Baritone
1st Messenger Tenor
2nd Messenger Baritone
Young Messenger Contralto
Voice in the Dream Bass
Peasant Boy Child
Peasant Girl Child
Time and Place

8th Century- Toledo Spain

Synopsis

Don Rodrigo, after avenging an attack upon his father, returns to be crowned King of Spain. Don Julian, Governor of Africa, introduces Rodrigo to his daughter Florinda.  Rodrigo promises her father to treat her as a daughter if he will allow her to stay at court.  During Rodrigo’s coronation, Florinda drops the crown.  Disregarding this sinister omen, he places the crown on his own head. Since ancient times every King of Spain has respected the secret locked inside a chest in the Vault of Hercules, but Rodrigo forces the chest open.  Inside he finds an Arab flag and a curse: He will be the last of his dynasty and the Arabs will enslave Spain.  Florinda bathes naked in a fountain, and Rodrigo sees her.  He enters Florinda’s chamber at night and forcefully seduces her.  Furious at Rodrigo for both seducing her and then abandoning her, Florinda writes her father demanding revenge.  Don Julian raises a rebellion against him and defeats Rodrigo at Guadalete.  After the battle, Rodrigo, a penniless wanderer dying in the home of a blind hermit, is discovered by Florinda.  After confessing his sins he dies in her arms.

Moods

Dramatic, Tragic

Subjects

Politics, Relationships, Society




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