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Igor Stravinsky Timeline

A year by year alignment of Stravinsky's life and works
Biographical information by Stephen Walsh

The chronological list of works indicates the publisher of each work. For those published by Boosey & Hawkes, links are provided to useful information including scorings, durations and repertoire notes.


 

Born 5 June (17 June New Style) at Oranienbaum, on the gulf of Finland thirty miles from St. Petersburg, where his father, a leading operatic bass at the Maryinsky Theatre, has rented a dacha.


1882

 

Meets his cousin and future wife, Catherine Nossenko, at her father’s estate at Ustilug, western Ukraine.


1890

 

Goes to school (2nd St. Petersburg Gymnasium), having previously been taught - like his three brothers - by tutors in the family apartment. First piano lessons. Attends 50th anniversary performance of Glinka’s Ruslan and Lyudmila at Maryinsky, probably the first opera he has seen.


1892
 

First trip abroad, with his parents to Bad Homburg, near Frankfurt.


1895
 

Death of his older brother Roman


1897


1898
Tarantella for piano ms
 

Begins law studies at St. Petersburg University and, privately, music theory lessons with Akimenko, who is soon replaced by Kalafaty.


1901
 

Visits Rimsky-Korsakov in Heidelberg and shows him his compositions. Death of his father from cancer.


1902
Storm Cloud for voice and piano FM
 


 
Scherzo for piano FM
 

Starts his first large-scale work, a piano sonata, at his uncle’s Samara estate (Pavlovka). Informal work with Rimsky at his dacha at Krapachukha.


1903
 

Conducts cantata for Rimsky’s 60th birthday at a party in the Rimsky flat.


1904
Sonata in F sharp minor for piano FM
 


 
Cantata for mixed choir and piano (presumed lost)
 


 
The Mushrooms Going To War for bass and piano BH
 

Begins regular study with Rimsky


1905
 

Marries Catherine Nossenko


1906
Conductor and Tarantula for voice and piano (presumed lost)
 

First public performances: The Faun and the Shepherdess and part of the Symphony in E flat, at rehearsal concerts of the Petersburg Court Orchestra


1907
Symphony in Eb op.1 for orchestra (1907 rev. 1914) For
 


 
Faun and Sheperdess op.2 for mezzo-soprano and orchestra Bel
 


 
Pastorale for soprano and piano Sch


Death of Rimsky-Korsakov

1908
Scherzo Fantastique op.3 for orchestra (1908 rev. 1930) Sch
 


 
Fireworks op.4 Fantasy for orchestra Sch
 


 
Chant funèbre op.5 for wind instruments (presumed lost)
 


 
Two Melodies for mezzo-soprano and piano (1907-08) BH
 


 
Four Studies op.7 for piano Jur
 

Serge Diaghilev hears premiere of Scherzo fantastique and a private performance of Fireworks; Stravinsky contributes Chopin orchestrations to Diaghilev’s Paris production of Les Sylphides.


1909
Kobold (Grieg) orchestrated by the composer
 


 
Nocturne in A flat orchestrated by the composer BH
 


 
Grande valse brillante orchestrated by the composer BH
 


 
Mephistopheles' Lied vom Floh transcribed for bass and orchestra BH
 

First visit to Paris for the Ballets Russes premiere of The Firebird, where he meets Debussy, Ravel, and other notables. After its triumph, decides to winter in Switzerland (Clarens) and the south of France (Beaulieu).


1910
The Firebird (L’Oiseau de feu) Ballet in two scenes Sch
 


 
Chanson de Mephistopheles dans le cave d'Auerbach transcribed for baritone or bass and orchestra BH
 


 
Two Songs for baritone and orchestra BH


Completes Petrushka in Rome. Paris premiere of Petrushka with Nijinsky, designs by Benois. Summer at Ustilug, but winter again at Clarens, composing The Rite of Spring.

1911
Petrushka Burlesque in four scenes (1911 rev. 1947) BH
 


 
Two Poems of Balmont for high voice and piano BH
 


 
The King of the Stars (Zvezdoliki) for male chorus and orchestra (1911-12) For
 

First London Firebird. Attends Bayreuth Festival (Meistersinger and Parsifal). First visit to Venice, where he plays part of Rite to Diaghilev. Last St. Petersburg visit for fifty years. In Berlin with the Ballets Russes, meets Schoenberg and attends Pierrot Lunaire.


1912


First visit to London. Near riot at Paris premiere of The Rite of Spring. Contracts typhoid from a bad oyster. Final summer at Ustilug.

1913
The Rite of Spring Ballet in two parts (1913/47) BH
 


 
Three Japanese Lyrics for high voice and piano or chamber orchestra BH
 


 
Khovanshchina (Mussorgsky) Orchestrations from the opera Br
 


 
Three Little Songs for voice and piano BH
 

Catherine’s tuberculosis erupts after the birth of fourth child. Completes Nightingale for Moscow Free Theatre, which disbands before the work can be staged. Conducting début (Montreux). Flying visit to Ustilug and Kiev before war breaks out. Works at Salvan and Clarens on Les Noces and Russian songs.



1914
Le Rossignol Lyric tale in three acts BH
 


 
Three Pieces for String Quartet (or piano duet) (1914 rev. 1918) BH
 


 
Pribaoutki for medium voice and eight instruments Ch
 


 
Valse des fleurs for two pianos (1914-15) BH
 


 
Three Easy Pieces for piano duet Ch
 

First meetings with the Futurists in Rome and Milan. Meets C.F. Ramuz. Moves to Morges (Lausanne). More Russian songs, and starts Renard. Conducts Firebird in Geneva and Paris.


1915
Four Russian Peasant Songs (Podblyudna) for female voices a cappella or with four horns (1914-17, rev 1954) Sch/Ch/Ma
 


 
Berceuses du chat for medium voice and three clarinets (1915-16) Ch
 


 
 

With Ballets Russes in Spain. Completes Renard.


1916
Renard burlesque for two tenors, two basses and ensemble Ch


Scherzo fantastique staged in Paris as a ballet about bees. February revolution in Russia. Meets Picasso in Rome. Death of brother Gury in Romania. Completes first version of Les Noces. Bolshevik revolution finally cuts Stravinsky off from Russia.

1917
Five Easy Pieces for piano duet Ch
 


 
Le Chant du Rossignol Symphonic poem for orchestra (1915-17) BH
 


 
Trois histoires pour enfants for voice and piano (1916-17) Ch
 


 
 


 
Song of the Volga Boatmen arranged for wind and percussion Ch
 


 
Canons for Two Horns (presumed lost)
 


 
Étude for pianola BH
 


 
Berceuse for voice and piano FF


Financial hardship. Collaborates with Ramuz on The Soldier’s Tale, but the flu epidemic prevents all but the Lausanne performance. War ends. His sister-in-law and family reach Morges and move in with the Stravinskys.

1918
The Soldier’s Tale (Histoire du soldat) for three speakers, dancer and seven instrumentalists Ch
 


 
Ragtime for eleven instruments Ch
 


 
Three Pieces for clarinet solo Ch
 


 
Prologue to Boris Godunov (Mussorgsky) transcribed for piano BH
 


 
Lied ohne Name for two bassoons BH
 


1919
Four Russian Songs for voice and piano (1918-19) Ch
 


 
Piano-Rag-Music for piano Ch
 

Pulcinella staged in Paris. Moves from Switzerland, via Brittany, to Coco Chanel’s villa in Garches (Paris). Composes Symphonies of Wind Instruments. Paris revival of The Rite, with choreography by Massine.


1920
Pulcinella Ballet in one act (1920 rev. 1965) BH


Row with Diaghilev over payments, but hardship eased by donations from America. Starts Pulcinella.

 
La Marseillaise transcribed for unaccompanied violin BH
 


 
Symphonies of Wind Instruments  (1920 rev. 1947) BH
 


 
 


 
Concertino for string quartet Han


Meets and falls in love with Vera Sudeikina. Moves with family to Biarritz, but takes studio at Maison Pleyel (Paris), with whom he signs a contract to cut piano rolls of his works. In London for The Rite and premiere of Symphonies of Wind, and later for Diaghilev’s production of Tchaikovsky’s Sleeping Beauty. Begins Mavra.

1921
Les Cinq doigts Easy pieces for piano Ch
 


 
The Sleeping Beauty arranged for orchestra BH
 


 
The Sleeping Beauty arranged for solo violin and orchestra BH
 


 
Suite No.2 for chamber orchestra Ch
 


 
Petrushka for piano BH
 

Vera separates from her husband. Diaghilev stages Renard and Mavra. Starts Octet. Spends autumn in Berlin and meets his mother off a Soviet boat at Stettin. In Berlin, meets Pierre Souvtchinsky and George Antheil. Visited in Paris by Mayakovsky.


1922
Mavra Opera buffa in one act (1922 rev. 1947) BH
 


 
Pulcinella for orchesta (c1922 rev. 1949) BH
 

Les Noces completed and staged. With Vera to Weimar for Bauhaus Soldier’s Tale, meets Busoni, Kandinsky and (probably) Klee. Conducts Paris premiere of the Octet and, for the first time, a whole concert of his works.


1923
Les Noces Russian dance scenes with song and music (1914-23) Ch
 


 
Trois histoires pour enfants (1915-17) transcribed for voice and orchestra Ch


 
Octet for Wind Instruments (1923 rev. 1952) BH
 

Publishes ‘Some ideas about my Octuor’. Completes and premieres Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments. First concert tours, conducting in Belgium and Spain, and playing the concerto in Copenhagen, Warsaw, Holland, Germany, Switzerland and Marseille. Paris stage premiere of Soldier’s Tale. Moves with his family from Biarritz to Nice.


1924
 


 
Sonata for piano BH
 

First US concert tour. Signs first recording contract (with Brunswick). Plays Sonata in Venice. Embarks on Oedipus Rex with Jean Cocteau. His niece Tanya from Leningrad spends a year with the family in Nice.


1925
Serenade in A  for piano BH
 


 
Suite No.1 for small orchestra Ch
 

Conducts Rite of Spring for the first time. Return to (Orthodox) communion. First journey by air (from Paris to Croydon).


1926
Otche Nash' or chorus a cappella (1926 rev. 1949) BH


Oedipus Rex completed, and premiered (as an oratorio) by Diaghilev. Plays Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments in London. Summer at Echarvines, on the Lac d’Annecy. Begins Apollo to a commission from Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge.

1927
Oedipus Rex Opera-Oratorio in two acts (1927 rev. 1948) BH
 

Stage premieres of Oedipus Rex in Vienna, and in Berlin (under Klemperer, attended by the composer). Apollo staged in Washington and by Diaghilev in Paris (choreography by Balanchine). Records Petrushka and Firebird for Columbia, and composes The Fairy’s Kiss for Ida Rubinstein.


1928
Apollon Musagète  for string orchestra (1928 rev. 1947) BH
 


 
The Fairy's Kiss - see Le Baiser de la fee Ballet in four scenes (1928 rev. 1950) BH
 


 
Three Little Songs (1913) transcribed for voice and small Orchestra (1929-1930) BH
 


 
Quatre Etudes for orchestra (1914-1929 rev. 1952) BH
 

Composers and premieres Capriccio (under Ansermet in Paris). Death of Diaghilev. Records The Rite of Spring.


1929
Capriccio for piano and orchestra (1929 rev. 1949) BH


Composes Symphony of Psalms (first performances in Brussels and Boston). Summer at Charavines, near Grenoble. First meeting with the violinist Samuel Dushkin for whom he starts a concerto.

1930
Symphony of Psalms for chorus and orchestra (1930 rev. 1948) BH
 

Moves from Nice to Voreppe, near Grenoble. Conducts Violin Concerto with Dushkin in Berlin.


1931
Concerto in D for violin and orchestra Sch
 

First concert tour in duo with Dushkin, for whom he composes the Duo concertant and various arrangements.


1932
Duo concertant for violin and piano BH
 


 
Simbol'vyeri for chorus a cappella (1932 rev 1949/64) BH
 

Hitler becomes German Chancellor. Collaboration with André Gide on Persephone. Moves from Pleyel into a Paris apartment (rue Viète).


1933
Dialogue Between Joy and Reason for two voices and keyboard (unfinished) ms
 

Persephone premiered in Paris. Takes French cititzenship. Moves with his whole family from Voreppe into a large Paris apartment in the Faubourg Saint-Honoré.


1934
Persephone Melodrama in three parts (1934 rev. 1949) BH
 


 
Bogoroditse D'vo for chorus a cappella BH
 


 
Divertimento for violin and piano for orchestra (Symphonic Suite from The Fairy’s Kiss) BH


Second US tour (with Dushkin). Publication of first volume of autobiography (Chroniques de ma vie). Premieres (with his son Soulima) the Concerto for two pianos. Meets Mussolini in Rome. Marriage of his daughter Lyudmilla with Yury Mandelstam. Catherine, in the advanced stages of tuberculosis, spends much time in a sanatorium in Sancellemoz (Haute-Savoie).

1935
Concerto for two solo pianos Sch
 

Unsuccessful candidacy for the Académie des Beaux-Arts. South American tour. Composes Jeu de cartes for Lincoln Kirstein’s American Ballet.


1936
Jeu de cartes Ballet in three deals Sch
 

Third US tour, including premiere of Jeu de cartes in New York (with Balanchine). Much of the year is spent with his family either in Sancellemoz or at the nearby Château de Monthoux at Annemasse. Lyudmilla also ill with tuberculosis. Dispute with Ansermet over cuts to Jeu de cartes.


1937
Petit Ramusianum Harmonique Three quatrains for voice(s) ms
 

Dumbarton Oaks concerto premiered in Washington under Boulanger. Stravinsky figures in Nazi exhibition of ‘Degenerate Music’ in Düsseldorf. Lyudmilla dies in Paris while Stravinsky is in Italy. Begins Symphony in C.


1938
Concerto in Eb ‘Dumbarton Oaks’ for chamber orchestra Sch
 

Catherine dies in Paris. Stravinsky himself spends months at Sancellemoz, preparing his Harvard lectures with Roland-Manuel. Death of his mother. Leaves for New York just after outbreak of war. First set of Charles Eliot Norton lectures in Harvard, and concerts in several US cities.


1939


Vera arrives in the USA, and they marry in Bedford (Massachusetts). Completes Harvard lectures. Applies for US citizenship. Settles in Beverly Hills (Los Angeles). Symphony in C is finished and performed in Chicago, under the composer.

1940
Symphony in C for orchestra Sch
 


 
Tango for piano Mer/Sch
 

Moves to West Hollywood, but tours US widely conducting his own music, including the new symphony. Death of his brother Yury in Leningrad.


1941
Star-spangled banner for orchestra and mixed choir Mer
 


 
Bluebird pas de deux from The Sleeping Beauty (Tchaikovsky) transcribed for small orchestra Sch
 

Completes Danses concertantes, and works on a variety of occasional pieces, including what will become part of the Symphony in Three Movements


1942
Danses concertantes for chamber orchestra Sch
 


 
Circus Polka for orchestra Sch
 


 
Four Norwegian Moods for orchestra Sch
 

Composes Ode in memory of Natalie Koussevitsky, and revises ‘Danse sacrale’ in The Rite of Spring. Works on film projects, none of which comes to fruition.


1943
Ode Elegiac chant in three parts for orchestra Sch


More occasional works, including Babel and the Scènes de Ballet. But also composes, on a new religious impulse, the 'Kyrie' and 'Gloria' of the Mass.

1944
Babel Cantata for male chorus, male narrator and orchestra Sch
 


 
Scenes de Ballet for orchestra BH*/Sch/ch
 


 
Sonata for two pianos BH*/Sch/ch
 


 
Scherzo a la Russe for jazz ensemble or orchestra BH*/Sch/ch
 


 
Elegy for unaccompanied viola (or violin) BH*/Sch/ch


End of the war. Stravinsky completes Symphony in Three Movements for the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Igor and Vera become US citizens.

1945
Symphony in Three Movements for orchestra Sch
 


 
Ebony Concerto for solo clarinet and jazz ensemble BH**/Mor
 

Concerts in Cuba and Mexico, as well as across the USA. Revises Petrushka and starts Orpheus for Kirstein’s Ballet Society. Visits Turner, Hogarth and Constable exhibition in Chicago.


1946
Orpheus Ballet in three scenes (1946-47) BH
 


 
Concerto in D for string orchestra BH
 

Correspondence with the 23 year-old Robert Craft about the unpublished Symphonies of Wind Instruments, which Stavinsky is revising. Begins collaboration with W.H. Auden on The Rake’s Progress.


1947
Hommage a Nadia Boulanger for two voices BH
 


 
The Rake's Progress Opera in three acts (1948-51) BH


Completes Mass. First meeting with Craft. Orpheus premiered (New York).

1948
Mass for mixed chorus and double wind quintet BH
 

Dissociates himself from the Soviet peace delegation including Shostakovich. Craft moves in with the Stravinskys and becomes in effect the composer’s assistant and musical secretary.


1949
 

US travel, both professional and leisure


1950
 

Completes The Rake’s Progress. Returns to Europe for the first time since 1939 to conduct the premiere in Venice. Concerts in Germany and Italy. In Germany he hears the music of the European avant-garde, including Boulez.


1951
Two Songs (1910) transcribed for baritone and small orchestra BH
 

Encounters with chamber works by Schoenberg and Webern which Craft is rehearsing in Los Angeles. European tour. Takes part in the ‘Oeuvre du XXème siècle’ festival in Paris, at which he hears Berg’s Wozzeck and Boulez’s Structures, and conducts a tableau vivant staging of Oedipus Rex with Cocteau as Speaker and designer. Completes Cantata.


1952
Cantata for soprano, tenor, female chorus and ensemble BH
 


 
Concertino for Twelve Instruments Han


US premiere of The Rake at the New York Met. Completes Septet. Meets Dylan Thomas with a view to an operatic collaboration, but Thomas dies six months later. First notations for Agon.

1953
Septet for mixed ensemble (1936-37 rev. 1953) BH
 


 
Praeludium for jazz ensemble BH
 


 
Three Songs from William Shakespeare for mezzo-soprano, flute, clarinet and viola BH
 


 
Tango (1940) transcribed for chamber orchestra Mer/Sch


Interrupts Agon to compose In Memoriam Dylan Thomas, which Craft conducts at the Monday Evening Concerts in Los Angeles. Third European tour. Receives gold medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society in London.

1954
In Memoriam Dylan Thomas for tenor, string quartet and four trombones BH
 


 
Four Songs for voice, flute, harp and guitar Ch
 


 
Two Poems of Balmont (1911) transcribed for high voice and chamber orchestra BH


Starts Canticum Sacrum for the Venice Biennale.

1955
Canticum Sacrum ad honorem Sancti Marci nominis for tenor, baritone, chorus and orchestra BH
 


 
Greeting Prelude for orchestra BH
 

Resumes Agon. Conducts Canticum Sacrum and Vom Himmel hoch in St. Mark’s, Venice, by dispensation of Cardinal Roncalli, the future Pope John XXIII. In Berlin, suffers a stroke while conducting the Symphony in C.


1956
Chorale Variations 'Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her' (JS Bach) transcribed for mixed chorus and orchestra BH


Visit of Boulez to Los Angeles. Agon completed. European tour. Starts work on a new Biennale commission, Threni, in Venice, and conducts Agon at the Domaine Musical in Paris. Visits Dartington Summer School. Early versions of Conversations with Igor Stravinsky (Craft).

1957
Agon Ballet for twelve dancers BH
 

Conducts Threni in the Scuola di San Rocco, Venice.


1958
Threni: id est Lamentationes Jeremiae Prophetae for six solo voices, mixed chorus and orchestra BH
 

Boulez conducts Threni in Munich. Stravinsky tours Japan, completes Movements, and conducts at the Edinburgh Festival.


1959
Movements for piano and orchestra BH
 


 
Epitaphium  for flute, clarinet and harp BH
 


 
Tres sacrae cantiones (Carlo Gesualdo da Venosa) for mixed chorus a cappella BH
 


 
Double Canon for string quartet BH


Tours of South America and Italy, during which Stravinsky is carried out of the Hotel Bauer-Grünwald in a Venice flood. Writes Monumentum pro Gesualdo and starts A Sermon, a Narrative and a Prayer for Paul Sacher.

1960
Monumentum pro Gesualdo di Venosa ad CD annum Three madrigals by Gesualdo, recomposed for instruments BH
 


 
A Sermon, a Narrative, and a Prayer Cantata for alto and tenor soli, speaker, chorus and orchestra (1960-61) BH
 

Invited to the USSR in the following year. The Flood commissioned for CBS television. Stravinsky’s most extensive world tour, covering Europe, eastern Asia, Australia and New Zealand.


1961
 

Dines with Kennedy at the White House. Completes The Flood (which goes out on TV with interruptions for shampoo ads). Tours South Africa, then Europe, where he spends his 80th birthday in Hamburg. After a brief return to New York, embarks on tour of Israel and USSR, his first return since 1914.


1962
The Flood Musical Play for soloists, chorus and orchestra BH
 


 
 


 
Eight Instrumental Miniatures for fifteen players Ch
 

Completes Abraham and Isaac. First staging of The Flood (Hamburg). Attends (part of) Monteux’s 50th anniversary Rite of Spring in the Albert Hall (London). Begins orchestral Variations. Assassination of Kennedy.


1963
Abraham and Isaac  Sacred ballad for baritone and chamber Orchestra BH
 


 
Canzonetta (Sibelius) transcribed for eight instruments Br


Moves to a larger, more accessible house in the same West Hollywood street. Premiere of Abraham and Isaac in Jerusalem, under Craft. Finishes Elegy for JFK and the Variations.

1964
Elegy for JFK for baritone or mezzo-soprano and three clarinets BH
 


 
Fanfare for a New Theatre for two trumpets BH
 


 
Variations Aldous Huxley in Memoriam for orchestra BH
 

Introitus in memory of T.S. Eliot. Begins Requiem Canticles for Princeton University. Continues punishing conducting schudule in his 83rd year, including a European tour. CBS film by Rolf Liebermann.


1965
Introitus T S Eliot in Memoriam for male chorus and ensemble BH
 


 


Last full year of conducting tours, which he is advised by his doctor to give up. Premiere of Requiem Canticles under Craft (Princeton).

1966
Requiem Canticles for contralto and bass soli, chorus and orchestra BH
 


 
The Owl and the Pussy-cat or voice and piano BH
 

Conducts for the last time (Toronto). Is twice hospitalised, with bleeding ulcers and a thrombosis.


1967
 

Arranges Two Sacred Songs of Hugo Wolf. Flies to Zürich and receives from his eldest son the manuscript full score of The Rite of Spring, presented to him by Boosey and Hawkes on his 80th birthday.


1968
Two Sacred Songs (Wolf) transcribed for mezzo-soprano and ten instruments BH


Arranges Bach Preludes and Fugues. Moves from Hollywood to New York.

1969
Two Preludes and Fugues (from the ‘48) (Bach) transcribed for strings and woodwind ms
 

In a state of extreme physical decline, flies to Europe and settles for the summer at Evian (on the French shore of Lake Geneva), where he is visited by members of his family and photographed by Lord Snowdon.


1970
 

Dies in New York (6 April). After a funeral service in New York, his body is transported to Venice and buried there on the island of San Michele.


1971

Publishers
BH=Boosey & Hawkes;
BH*=Boosey & Hawkes for the USA only;
BH**=Boosey & Hawkes for the USA and Canada only; Bel=Belaiev;Br=Breitkopf & Härtel; Ch=Chester Music; FM=Faber Music; FF=Faber & Faber; For=Robert Forberg; Han=Wilhelm Hansen; Jur=Jurgenson; Ma=Edward B Marks; Mer=Mercury Music; Mor=Edwin H Morris; Sch=Schott; ms=manuscript
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