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Music Text

Lewis Carroll (E)


folk group:2ssax,mandolin,tenor banjo,accordion
2(I,II=picc).2.2(II=Ebcl).2- bongo/tgl/glsp/claves; II=SD/small susp.cym/xyl/
wdbl/tamb/tgl/glass wind chimes; III=TD/large susp.cym/marimba/highest tpl.bl/vib; V=tam-t/
lowest tpl.bl/large susp.cym; V=BD/t.bells-2harps-cel-strings

Abbreviations (PDF)


Boosey & Hawkes

This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.


Composer's Notes

Since 'The Pool of Tears' and 'The Mouse's Tale' are from adjacent chapters of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, I have connected them with narration, sketching the events occurring in between. The two songs, then, form one complete 'adventure' from the book. All of the narration is pure Carroll; I have only, in certain instances, abridged the text.

'The Pool of Tears' is a parody of a poem of Isaac Watts (1975-1748, English theologian and hymn writer) entitled, 'Against Idleness and Mischief.' It is set side by side with Carroll's skillful parody, which begins, 'How doth the little crocodile...'

"In the first part of my setting, I alternate every two lines of the Carroll parody with the four lines of the Watts original. The music is as contrasting as possible: the former being a slow moving, widely spaced, sostenuto melody, played by the orchestra; the latter a fast patter song of stepwise intervals played by the folk group.

"The second part of the setting combines the two musics, quodlibet style, one atop the other. Much of the orchestral texture and color of the song is meant to evoke the glistening, splashing water and was inspired by the line: 'And pours the waters of the Nile/One every golden scale!'

'The Mouse's Tale' is perhaps the best-known example in English of emblematic or figured verse: poems printed in such a way that they resemble something related to their subject matter. In the original manuscript of the book, an entirely different poem appears as the tale, in a way a more appropriate one, for it fulfills the mouse's promise to explain why he dislikes cats and dogs, whereas the tale as it appears in the published edition contains no reference to cats.

"My inspiration for setting 'The Mouse's Tale' was the idea of writing music which actually looked on the page like a tail, just as the Carroll text does in the book. As one reads the poem with a special awareness because of its shape, so too, a glance at my score might similarly surprise. It is only a pity that there is really no sound equivalent of a Mouse's tail; the loss being similar to, say, hearing the poem read over the radio.

'The Mouse's Tale' is a perpetuo mobile marked prestissimo possible throughout. Though there is a good deal of humor in the text, I wanted the music to suggest as well an implacable inhuman rodent-world of constant ceaseless motion. After all, it is a mouse talking about mouse emotions!

"The movement is in four connected parts: Tale I (the original poem); Tale II (the published poem); Tale III (the original poem); Coda. It is a compendium of canonic, contrapuntal devices ? though they may not be noticed as such at this frantic, breathless pace."




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