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Music Text

Libretto by Stephen Vincent Benet (E)

Scoring

M,3T,3Bar,2B,3speakers; chorus
2(II=picc).2(II=corA).2(II=bcl).2(II=dbn)-2.2.1.0-timp.perc-harp-strings

Reduced scoring: 1.1.1.1-1.1.1.0-perc(1):timp/SD/sandpaper/cym/gong/chimes(offstage)/
tam-t-pft-strings


Abbreviations (PDF)

Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.

Opera
For full details on this stagework, including synopsis and roles, please visit our Opera section.


World Premiere
5/18/1939
New York, New York
John Houseman, director / American Lyric Theatre / Fritz Reiner
Recommended Recording
cd_cover

Joyce Guyer, Brian Steele, Lyric Opera of Kansas, Russell Patterson
Newport Classics NPD 85585

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