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Music Text

Libretto by Michel Carré and Léon Battu; new English version by Richard Duployen; new German version with speaker by Renato Mordo (F,G,E)

Scoring

lyrS,2M,lyrT,speaking role; chorus;
2(II=picc).2.2.2-4.2.1.0-timp.perc-strings

Abbreviations (PDF)

Territory
This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.

Opera
For full details on this stagework, including synopsis and roles, please visit our Opera section.


World Premiere
10/10/1857
Bouffes-Parisiens, Paris
unknown

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