American composer Jack Beeson died of congestive heart failure on Sunday, June 6 at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital in New York City, at the age of 88. His family was with him at the time of death.
Jack Beeson was born on July 15, 1921 and received his early education in Muncie, Indiana. He studied composition at the Eastman School, completing Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. Upon winning the Prix de Rome and a Fulbright Fellowship Beeson lived in Rome from 1948 through 1950 where he completed his first opera, Jonah, based on a play by Paul Goodman. Beeson then adapted a work by the well-known American playwright, William Saroyan, for Hello Out There, a one act chamber opera produced by the Columbia Theater Associates in 1954.
The Sweet Bye and Bye, with a libretto by Kenward Elmslie, was produced by the Juilliard Opera Theater in 1957. It concerns the leader of a fundamentalist sect and her conflict between duty and love. The central character, Sister Rose Ora, resembles famous religious leader Aimee Semple MacPherson. The score includes marching songs, hymns, chants, and dances, as well as memorable arias and ensembles.
Beeson’s next opera, Lizzie Borden, again based on an American subject, was commissioned by the Ford Foundation for the New York City Opera. Lizzie Borden tells the familiar story with less emphasis on the ax murders than on "the psychological climate that made them inevitable", according to critic Robert Sherman. In American Opera Librettos, Andrew H. Drummond writes, "This opera has an obvious dramatic effectiveness in which a clear and direct development with tightly drawn characterization leads to a powerful climax." New York City Opera premiered Lizzie Borden in 1965, and it was produced for television by the National Educational Television Network in 1967 using the original cast. A new NYCO production opened in March 1999 and was telecast by PBS.
With 1975’s Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines, Beeson found a gifted collaborator in Broadway lyricist (and also composer and translator) Sheldon Harnick. Several years later, the two hit on a possible subject, Clyde Fitch’s romantic comedy about a wager on the virtue of a prima donna which leads to true love. Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines was premiered by the Lyric Opera of Kansas City in 1975, and featured in the catalog accompanying Opera America’s Composer-Librettist Showcase in Toronto.
The next Beeson-Harnick work, Dr. Heidegger’s Fountain of Youth, a short story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was produced by the National Arts Club in New York in 1978. Beeson and Harnick then collaborated on Cyrano, "freely adapted" from the Rostand play, according to Beeson. Cyrano was given its premiere in 1994 by Theater Hagen in Germany. Sorry Wrong Number (based on the play by Louise Fletcher) and Practice in the Art of Elocution were premiered in New York in 1999, both with librettos by the composer. Beeson composed 10 operas in his lifetime and more than 120 works in various other media. In addition to his work as a composer, Beeson had a distinguished career as a teacher at Columbia University where he was the MacDowell Professor Emeritus of Music.
Beeson remained lively and active until the time of his death, having just completed two pieces, the last a setting by the American poet Peter Viereck entitled Kilroy Was Here for baritone and piano. As recently as Friday he chaired the meeting of the Alison M. Ditson Fund. In early 2010 Albany Records released a recording of his opera Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines, and is in the process of recording further works for future release.
He is survived by his wife, Nora Beeson, and his daughter, Miranda Beeson. A memorial concert in his honor is being planned for fall 2010. His vivacity and wit will be sorely missed.
A number of samples of Jack Beeson's music can be heard on our Audio Visual section.
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