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Music Text

Libretto by Michael Sturminger, based on the play by Ödön von Horváth (G)


Major roles: S,M,Bar,B
Other: 2S,M,4T,Bar,BBar
Solistenensemble: 3S,3A,3T,3B
Stage band: vln-Ebcl-gtr(on stage prop)-accordion-zither(on stage prop)
Cabaret band: ssax-tpt.trbn.tuba-drum kit-pft-banjo

Abbreviations (PDF)

For full details on this stagework, including synopsis and roles, please visit our Opera section.

Boosey & Hawkes

This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.


World Premiere
Festspielhaus, Bregenz
Michael Sturminger, director / Eerens, Schmutzhard, Schneider, Kirchschlager, Pesendorfer, Vondung, Silja u.a. / Ensemble Nova / Wi / HK Gruber
Repertoire Note
Press Quotes

"A magnificent new opera is born... While Horváth’s language may look harsh on the printed page, Gruber and Sturminger have found the absurd humor in his words..."
Musical America

"The piece goes straight to the heart… superb craftsmanship..."
Süddeutsche Zeitung

"HK Gruber’s score displays his immense skills, with an enormous breadth of tonal colours and instrumental effects..."
Neue Musikzeitung

"Gruber has created a score from the best that new music can offer… The work is a portrait of how people, although they put up a superhuman fight, can break down forlorn. It is thanks to this most original of Austrian composers, that an opera has been created out of the play, and one of such impressiveness that it deserves to be performed on every operatic stage from New York to Tokyo…”
Neues Deutschland



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