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Music Text

Libretto by David Henry Hwang


voices: 2s.a.2t.2bar.b;women's chorus

orchestra: 3(I=picc; II=picc,afl; III=picc,afl).1(=corA).2(II=bcl).1(=dbn)-; thundersheet/3tam-t/anvil/shaker; 3cajons/quinto/conga/palmas-2gtr-pft(=cel).computer-based sampler-harp-strings

TECH REQUIREMENTS: High quality sound reinforcement system in stereo (e.g. DV-DOSC), w/ stereo subwoofers and delays available; Console: Yamaha DM2000, PM1D or M7CL w/ 24 mic inputs (DM2000 is the preferred console); 8 Sennheiser SK50 transmitter w/ DPA 4066 Omni directional Headband Mic, Model 3532 receivers; 10 High quality cardioid small diaphragm condenser mics (e.g. Neumann KM-140); 1 AKG 414; 2 Shure SM 58; 1 Shure SM 57; 6 stage monitor wedges; 3 personal monitors w/ volume control (hot spot or anchor); Conductor video camera w/ monitor for offstage trumpets

This work requires additional technological components and/or amplification.

Abbreviations (PDF)


Boosey & Hawkes (Hendon Music)

This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes para el mundo.

World Premiere
Tanglewood, Lenox, MA
Dawn Upshaw, soprano / Kelley O'Connor, alto / Amanda Forsythe, soprano / Charles Blandy, tenor; flamenco cantaor / Shannon De Vine, baritone
Conductor: Chay Yew, director
Company: Vocal Fellows from the Tanglewood Music Center


Margarita Xirgu Soprano
Nuria Soprano
Federico García Lorca Alto*
Ruiz Alonso Bass
Radio Falange Bass-baritone (spoken part)
José Tripaldi Tenor
Prisoniero 1 (Torero) Bass-baritone
Prisoniero 2 (Maestro) Tenor
Niñas, Estatuas, Las Rosales, Voces de la Fuente
*the role of Federico García Lorca may also be sung by a male voice, either High Tenor or Countertenor
Time and Place

Teatro Solís, Montevideo, Uruguay, abril 1969 / Andalucia, España, el verano de 1936


Dramatic, Poetic, Tragic

Recommended Recording

Ainadmar - Fountain of Tears
Dawn Upshaw / Jessica Rivera / Jesus Montoya / Atlanta Symphony Orchestra / Robert Spano
© 2006 Deutsche Grammophon

Click here to purchase this album from Deutsche Grammophon.

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