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bongo/BD/SD/glsp/TD/field dr/tamb/lg tam-t/xyl-harp-strings

Abbreviations (PDF)


Boosey & Hawkes (Hendon Music)

This work is available from Boosey & Hawkes for the world.


World Premiere
Jones Hall, Houston, Texas
Houston Symphony Orchestra / Christoph Eschenbach
Composer's Notes

I conceived both my first and second symphonies almost simultaneously in the summer of 1984. I completed physical work on my Symphony No. 1 two years later, and it was premiered in January 1988 by the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, for whom it was written, under the direction of David Zinman. However, it was not until some time later that the Houston Symphony Orchestra commissioned its successor, which was finally set down in full on paper by July 15, 1994. The work is dedicated to the Houston Symphony Orchestra's music director, Christoph Eschenbach.

Although the passage of ten years between conception and execution of my second symphony undoubtedly effected alteration in a number of details as originally conceived, the fundamental concept of the work remained unchanged. There are three connected movements—allegro, adagio, allegro—and the first and third movements (each set at precisely the same unchanging tempo) share the same motivic material; in a sense, the third movement constitutes a further structural "development" of the first, even though both movements are cast in a tripartite (A-B-A) form in which the B section introduces new material as well as elaborating and developing music already stated. The central adagio functions as a kind of prism through which the music of the first movement is "refracted," in the process altering its mood and affect. This adagio, composed in memory of my friend and colleague Stephen Albert, might be said to act as a tunnel through which the somewhat mercurially-mooded first allegro passes; on the other end of the tunnel, this allegro music emerges recognizably both the same and different, with the lighter temperament of the originally heard music now darker and more threatening in tone. As a result, the arch-like form of the symphony brings the work to a close at virtually the same structural point at which it began, but the conclusion's emotional world is light years away from that at the beginning.

The piece is scored for piccolo, two flutes, two oboes, English horn, two clarinets, bass clarinet, three bassoons, four horns, three trumpets, three trombones, tuba, harp, timpani (two players), percussion (three players), and strings. Its duration is approximately twenty-one minutes.

— Christopher Rouse

Reproduction Rights:
This program note may be reproduced free of charge in concert programs with a credit to the composer.

Recommended Recording

Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra/Alan Gilbert

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